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  • Chris Anderson

Composers For Cartoons

I love my cartoons and animations. I’m a big kid at heart, but not just that - I appreciate and respect the hard work and length of time it takes to do animation. As a musician though, I love a good soundtrack in a cartoon - and today I look at some of my favourites.


Carl Stalling

Carl Stalling (November 10, 1891 – November 29, 1972) was an American composer and arranger best known for his work as the musical director and composer for Warner Bros.' Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated cartoons. He is often regarded as the "Father of Cartoon Music" due to his groundbreaking and influential contributions to the world of animation.

  • Early Life and Musical Background: Carl Stalling was born in Lexington, Missouri, and showed a talent for music from a young age. He studied piano, composition, and conducting at the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music.

  • Arrival at Warner Bros.: Stalling began his career in the film industry in the 1920s, working for various studios. In 1936, he was hired by Warner Bros. to work on their animated cartoons. This marked the beginning of his long and influential association with the studio.

  • Innovative Music Composition: Stalling's compositions for Warner Bros. cartoons were groundbreaking in their use of complex, rapid-fire musical cues that matched the on-screen action. He would often incorporate classical music, popular songs, and original compositions into his scores.

  • Collaboration with Directors: Stalling worked closely with animation directors such as Tex Avery, Chuck Jones, and Friz Freleng. He developed a shorthand with these directors, allowing them to communicate with him through storyboards and sketches, which he used to create music that synchronised perfectly with the on-screen gags and action.

  • Iconic Characters: Stalling's music became closely associated with iconic Looney Tunes characters like Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, and others. His compositions helped define the personalities of these characters and added to their comedic appeal.

  • Retirement and Legacy: Stalling retired from Warner Bros. in 1958, but his influence on animation and cartoon music continued. His work remains beloved by fans and is considered an essential part of the golden age of animation.

  • Honours and Recognition: Carl Stalling's contributions to animation were recognised with various awards and honours, including the Winsor McCay Award from ASIFA-Hollywood in 1971 for his lifetime achievement in animation.

  • Posthumous Recognition: Stalling's music continues to be celebrated, and his compositions are often performed in concerts and tributes dedicated to animation history.

Carl Stalling's innovative and highly creative approach to composing music for animation had a profound impact on the way music was used in cartoons. His ability to enhance the humour and storytelling of animated shorts through music left an indelible mark on the world of animation and entertainment.


Scott Bradley

Scott Bradley (1891 – 1977) was an American composer and pianist best known for his work as the musical director and composer for MGM's cartoon series "Tom and Jerry." He played a crucial role in shaping the distinctive musical style and comedic timing of the beloved cat-and-mouse duo.

  • Early Life and Education: Scott Bradley was born in Russellville, Arkansas, and he showed an early interest in music. He studied at the Chicago Musical College and later pursued further studies in Europe.

  • Arrival at MGM: Bradley joined the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) studio in the early 1930s, where he began working as a composer and arranger for their animation department.

  • "Tom and Jerry": Bradley is most famous for his work on the "Tom and Jerry" cartoon series, which ran from 1940 to 1957. His musical scores for these cartoons are considered some of the finest examples of animation music. Bradley's compositions were often complex and virtuosic, blending classical, jazz, and popular music influences.

  • Musical Innovation: Bradley's approach to scoring "Tom and Jerry" cartoons was innovative. He created highly synchronized and dynamic music that complemented the slapstick humor and action on screen. His use of musical themes and motifs added depth to the characters and situations.

  • Iconic Musical Moments: Some of Bradley's compositions for "Tom and Jerry" have become iconic, such as the "Cat Concerto," in which Tom plays Franz Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 on the piano while Jerry wreaks havoc. This particular short won an Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film in 1946.

  • Collaboration with Creators: Bradley worked closely with the creators of "Tom and Jerry," William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, to ensure that the music and animation were tightly synchronized for maximum comedic effect.

  • Legacy: Scott Bradley's music for "Tom and Jerry" continues to be celebrated for its wit and inventiveness. His approach to scoring animated cartoons influenced subsequent generations of composers working in the field.

  • Retirement: Bradley retired from MGM in 1957 when the studio closed its animation department. After his retirement, he largely disappeared from the public eye and lived a quiet life.

Scott Bradley's contributions to the world of animation music, particularly in his work on "Tom and Jerry," remain highly regarded. His ability to create music that added humor, excitement, and personality to animated characters and their antics has left a lasting legacy in the world of cartoons and entertainment.


Alf Clausen

Alf Clausen (born March 28, 1941) is an American composer and conductor known for his extensive work in television, particularly for his long and successful association with the animated series "The Simpsons." Clausen's music played a significant role in shaping the show's distinct musical identity for nearly three decades.

  • Early Life and Musical Background: Alf Clausen was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and began his musical journey at an early age. He studied at North Dakota State University and later received a degree in music composition from Berklee College of Music.

  • Early Career: Before his work on "The Simpsons," Clausen worked as a composer and arranger for various television series and films, including "Moonlighting" and "Alf."

  • "The Simpsons": Clausen is best known for his role as the composer for "The Simpsons," one of the longest-running and most iconic animated series in television history. He joined the show in 1990 during its second season and continued to compose music for it until 2017, spanning over 550 episodes.

  • Musical Diversity: One of Clausen's hallmarks on "The Simpsons" was his ability to incorporate a wide range of musical styles and genres into the show's episodes. His compositions included everything from orchestral pieces to parodies of popular songs.

  • Iconic Themes and Songs: Clausen created many of the show's memorable musical moments, including character themes, background music, and original songs. The show's opening theme, composed by Danny Elfman, remained a constant, but Clausen's contributions enhanced the show's comedic and emotional impact.

  • Awards: Alf Clausen's work on "The Simpsons" earned him numerous awards, including two Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music Composition. He was nominated for numerous other Emmy Awards for his contributions to the show.

  • Controversy and Departure: In 2017, Clausen was let go from "The Simpsons," which led to controversy and discussions among fans and the media. The decision to part ways with Clausen marked the end of an era for the show's music department.

  • Post-"Simpsons" Career: Following his departure from "The Simpsons," Clausen continued to work on various musical projects, but his association with the show remains a defining chapter of his career.

Alf Clausen's contributions to "The Simpsons" played a crucial role in the show's success and cultural impact. His ability to create music that complemented the humour, satire, and emotional depth of the series contributed to the enduring popularity of the show.


Other Favourites


Animaniacs - Each episode was music heavy with every episode featuring at least one original score. They used a 35-piece orchestra and seven composers were contracted to write for the series. The feel of the music harked back to the style of Carl Stalling.


Chicken Run - The score parodies the old wartime films such as The Great Escape. The opening theme sets the scene brilliantly and the rest of the score highlights moments brilliantly.


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